Angkor Wat Temple Guide C-N



Chapel of the Hospital

The chapel was built in the late 12th century by King Jayavarman VII. An inscription found in the area confirms the identity of this site as one of the chapels of the 102 hospitals built by the King. The hospital itself was build of perishable materials such as wood and bamboo, which completely vanished, leaving just the sandstone chapel as a reminder of the glory times of Angkor.

Chau Say Tevoda

Built in the mid-12th century, it is a Hindu temple in the Angkor Wat style. From 2000 to 2009 the temple was under restoration in a project initiated by the People's Republic of China. It displays some well preserved carvings, most are Hindu themed but also some Buddha themed reliefs are at the temple present.

Chau Srei Vibol

Much of Chau Srei Vibol temple remains a mystery to scholars and archeologists. The leading theory describes the temple as a war temple, the only one of it's kind. The temple complex is hidden on a small hill top and is hardly visited by tourists.

East Mebon

The East Mebon was built during the reign of King Rajendravarman in the 10th Century, it stands on what was an artificial island at the center of the now dry East Baray reservoir. The East Mebon was dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva and honors the parents of the king. The temple was built on a north-south axis with Rajendravarman’s state temple, Pre Rup, located about 1,200 meters to the south just outside the baray. Four landing stages at the base give reminder that the temple was once reached by boat.

Kbal Spean

Kbal Spean ("Bridge Head") is an Angkorian era archaeological site on the southwest slopes of the Kulen Hills to the northeast of Angkor. The site consists of a series of stone carvings in sandstone formations carved in the river bed and banks. It is commonly known as the "The River of a Thousand Lingas". The motifs for stone carvings are mainly myriads of lingas (phallic symbol of Hindu god Shiva), depicted as neatly arranged bumps that cover the surface of a sandstone bed rock, and linga-yoni designs. There are also various Hindu mythological motifs, including depictions of the gods Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma, Lakshmi, Rama, and Hanuman.

Kleangs (North and South)

The Kleangs are two buildings of unknown purpose on the east side of the Royal Square in Angkor Thom. Kleang means 'storeroom' but archaeologists doubt that this was its actual function. They are oriented along the north-south axis. The two were not built at the same time, the northern building (North Kleang) was built under King Jayavaraman and the southern (South Kleang) under his successor Suryavarman I.

Krol Ko

Krol Ko is a Buddhist temple built at the end of the 12th century under the rule of Jayavarman VII. The main items of interest at Krol Ko are the pediments on the ground. One is a strongly modeled scene of Krishna lifting Mount Govardhana to shelter the shepherds.

Kutisvara

Kutisvara Temple is a small, rather difficult to find brick temple in Angkor. Kutisvara consists of three very dilapidated towers, arranged from north to south. They are half buried, making them quite difficult to find. It is a historically significant temple, which was mentioned in an inscription in connection with the 9th century during the reign of Jayavarman II, the founder of the Angkor Empire. This is one of the earliest reference to an Angkor area temple. The temple displays 2 architecture styles, the central tower displays Preah Ko style and the outer towers are in Pre Rup style.

Lolei

Lolei is the northernmost temple of the Roluos group of three late 9th century Hindu temples at Angkor, the others members of which are Preah Ko and the Bakong. Lolei was the last of the three temples to be built as part of the city of Hariharalaya that once flourished at Roluos, and in 893 the Khmer King Yasovarman I dedicated it to Shiva and to members of the royal family. The name "Lolei" is thought to be a modern corruption of the ancient name "Hariharalaya," which means "the city of Harihara." Once an island temple, Lolei was located on an island slightly north of centre in the now dry Indratataka baray, construction of which had nearly been completed under Yasovarman's father and predecessor Indravarman I. Scholars believe that placing the temple on an island in the middle of a body of water served to identify it symbolically with Mount Meru, home of the gods, which in Hindu mythology is surrounded by the world oceans.

Neak Pean

Neak Pean is an artificial island with a Buddhist temple on a circular island in Preah Khan Baray built during the reign of King Jayavarman VII. The name is derived from the sculptures of snakes (Nāga) running around the base of the temple structure. Neak Pean was originally designed for medical purposes, as it is one of the many hospitals that Jayavarman VII built.

Temples of Angkor

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